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Unit Trusts and Open Ended Investment Companies Collective Investments
Unit trusts and Open Ended Investment Companies (OEICs) are types of collective investments. In a collective investment, each individual investment is pooled with every other individual investment and then invested as a whole by the manager of the investment.
Different unit trust and OEIC funds invest in different asset classes – shares, bonds, cash and property. Some funds focus on just one asset class, while others invest in two or more. Irrespective of the asset class or classes they invest in, most fund managers will hold a wide spread of investments in their chosen asset class. That is one of the reasons why unit trusts and OEICs are popular with investors spreading investments across a range of businesses can help reduce a funds volatility and the risks for its investors.
Although unit trusts and OEICs are both open-ended investments, where the size of the fund varies according to market supply and demand, there are a number of key differences between the two types of funds.
Investors in unit trusts buy and sell a portion of the total fund in the form of units. The price unit holders initially pay for units (the bid price) is higher than the price they can sell the units for (the offer price): the difference between the two prices is known as the spread. In order for unit holders to make a return on their investment, the closing bid price must always be higher than the opening offer price. An OEIC fund on the other hand, does not trade in units but issues shares to its investors and is therefore an investment company – a less complex entity than a unit trust. Shares in an OEIC have a single price, which is determined by the value of the fund’s underlying investments. All shares in an OEIC are bought and sold at one single price, so theres no bid/offer spread to take into account.
The value of an investment in a unit trust or OEIC will vary according to the total value of the fund, which is determined by the performance of the investments the fund manager makes. Unit trusts and OEICs usually impose an up-front charge and annual management fees, some of which are declared as a percentage of the investment, while others are built into the price.
RNCOS, a leading market research firm, said in its new report -Egypt Banking Sector Analysis-, with the significantly low penetration and growing middle class segment, the total deposits at banks in Egypt are projected to grow at a CAGR of 14% from 2007-08 to 2010-11.
As per the report, banking penetration is quite low in Egypt and most of the Egyptians are still unbanked. This is evident from the fact that only 10% of Egyptians currently have a bank account, and only 4% had a debit card as on end of 2007. But the growing middle class population (due to increasing income) and rising awareness level is enabling this unbanked population to access banking services like bank deposits facility. Thus, prospects of the banking sector are reasonably bright as the emergence of middle class population will support the rising demand of banking services like saving and current account deposits and related services like payment cards.
But the most astonishing fact about the Egyptian banking industry is that it will remain unaffected by the ongoing economic meltdown. As per a Research Analyst at RNCOS, -We do not see any significant impact of global financial turmoil on the deposits as the Egyptian system is dominated by state-owned banks. Otherwise also, the system is enjoying a high-support environment, with the country’s authorities having historically demonstrated both their willingness and their ability to intervene and prevent a banking default by any of the Egyptian banks, irrespective of their size or relative importance to the system.-
-Egypt Banking Sector Analysis- provides a comprehensive research and prudent analysis on the banking industry of Egypt. This extensive research will help the clients to identify the market trends and evaluate the leading-edge opportunities critical to the success of the banking industry in the country. This study gives an overview on the various factors driving the banking industry, together with the forces that are blocking the growth of the industry.
This research supplements the past and current information on the Egyptian banking market with forecast on various important industry aspects, including population, consumer durables (television, refrigerators and washing machines), Internet penetration, mobile subscribers, passenger car registrations, banking deposits, loans with the possible sub-categories and net interest income.
RNCOS, incorporated in the year 2002, is an industry research firm. We are a team of industry experts who analyze data collected from credible sources. We provide industry insights and analysis that helps corporations to take timely and accurate business decision in today’s globally competitive environment.
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New ecommerce entrepreneurs can find them confused and confounded by the tax and accounting requirements of their venture. And thats a shame: If someones spotted a great new category and successfully built a web presence, heck, that someone shouldnt find themselves bogged down with the accounting minutia. The entrepreneur should focus on increasing traffic, expanding margins, and growing cash profits.
With that in mind, I offer up the following tax and accounting tips:
Tip #1: Dont Incorporate
A true corporationwhether a C corporation or an S corporationsaddles your business with more complicated tax accounting and a bunch of state filing requirements. You dont want to deal with this redtapeor at least not until youre profitable.
Instead, operate your business as a sole proprietorship. If youre concerned about legal liability protection, note that you can setup a one-owner limited liability company, or LLC. A one owner LLC is treated as a sole proprietorship for income tax purposes.
Tip #2: Start Your Business Before Making Investments
Expenditures you make before youre actually in business-in other words, before youve got a business license and before youre selling or trying to sell your stuffarent very deductible.
Specifically, you can probably deduct the first $5,000 of these expenses. But any amounts in excess of the $5,000 must be amortized over the next fifteen years.
What this means is that you want to start your business before you start spending money on advertising, training, web development, accountants and lawyers and so on.
Tip #3: Automate Your Bookkeeping & Accounting
By lawand some people dont know thisyoure required to maintain an accounting system that lets you clearly measure your income. As a practical matter, this means you need to use a product like Quicken or QuickBooks.
But you ought to go one better than simply using desktop accounting software. Make sure that youre taking advantage of online banking and bill payment features which integrate your accounting system with your banking. As much as is possible, for example, you want to be able to move money from PayPal to your bank to QuickBooks simply by typing a few keys or clicking your mouse a few times.
Tip #4: Hire a Payroll Service Before Hiring Employees
Many successful ecommerce business owners can run their operations without employees. And if thats true for you, hey, congratulations. If and when you do need employees, however, dont try to handle the payroll yourself. Oursource the payroll to one of the large payroll service bureaus like ADP, Payroll, or QuickBooks.
These services are expensive. Figure $1000 to $2000 per year. But the services let you avoid the bookkeeping nightmare called payroll and prevent you from getting into payroll tax trouble.
Tip #5: Consider S Corporation Status After Youre Profitable
Ive written and talked much about how S corporations save taxpayers money and how the right way to set up an S corporation is first create a limited liability company and then ask the IRS to treat the LLC as an S corporation for tax purposes.
Home based business, online business, MLM or if you are in direct sales, you have to be goal oriented to be successful. If you are new or experienced, without a goal the chances are you will be part of the 97% of entrepreneurs that will fail this year. Knowing how to set up your goals, how to break them down will play a major part of all entrepreneur success.
If you are new, you goal may be to quit your job or make enough money so your spouse can stay home. If you are experienced, you goal might be to win a major competition within your organization. Either way, the 1st step is to establish your main goal. The reason is we will work from the top to the bottom to establish a plan of action to achieve your goals.
For the sake of this article, we will use the new entrepreneur as an example. So lets you make $4,000 a month at your current job. To replace your income, you will need to make around $3,500 monthly with your online business. So write $3,500 at the top of a board or a blank piece of paper.
Next we need to figure out how many sales you need to make to create a $3,500 income. So lets say the average sale with your business is $100 and your commission for each sale is $50. So to make $3,500, you need make 70 sales each month which would equal $7,000 in sales and $3,500 in income. Write on your board 70 sales below your main goal.
After that we need to establish how many leads every month you will need to make 70 sales. You find out that your business model average is that you make a sale for every 10 leads (this is just an example) so you will need 700 leads to make $7,000 in sales. Write on your board 700 leads monthly below your monthly sales.
The last step is to breakdown the number of monthly leads into a daily number of leads. So if you need 700 leads every month, than you need 23.3 leads per day. Write 23.3 leads on your board below your monthly leads.
Work with the daily number, celebrate every time you achieve you daily goal with a small reward. If you meet your daily goal, you will meet your monthly goal and first thing you will know is that you will hand your letter of resignation to your boss with a big smile on your face. One last advice, keep your goals very visible to you at all time. Make sure you can see them every day and dont make too much fun of your boss when you quit.
To your success,Ghyslain
Sweepstakes scams continue to rack up victims, despite warnings to the public. Often, senior citizens are the target of these types of scams. Thus, sweepstakes scams are a form of financial elder abuse. In a typical sweepstakes scam, a fraudster contacts an elderly victim and informs them that they have won lottery. The catch is that the elderly victim is then told that they must send in money in order to collect the sweepstakes prize. California financial elder abuse attorneys warn senior citizens not to fall victim to sweepstakes scams.
Recently, the Federal Trade Commission announced that it is putting an end to one large sweepstakes scam based in Ventura County. The defendant in the case owned three companies that allegedly mailed out more than 3.7 million letters to people in more than 156 countries. In this case, instead of asking for large sums of money from senior citizen victims, they asked for smaller sums of money. California financial elder abuse attorneys warn the public not to fall for sweepstakes scams no matter how much money the fraudsters ask for.
In this case, the senior citizen victims received personalized letters with official looking seals, stamps and bar codes. The seniors were told that they had won millions of dollars and could get the money by first sending in a small fee of $20-$30 within a limited period of time. According to the Federal Trade Commission, the scam has brought in more than $11 million dollars, mostly from senior citizens. California financial elder abuse attorneys say that senior citizens are often targeted for these kinds of mailings.
One of the letters that was mailed out as a part of this scam states that the victim has been chosen from a pool of 250,637 names. There is fine print on the back of the letter that states that consumers will actually only receive lists of sweepstakes they can enter instead of a cash prize. According to the Federal Trade Commission, the fine print does not clear the company of wrong doing because the claims are misleading and victims do not get what they are promised. Frequently, people do not see the fine print and send in the $20-$30 fee.
Sweepstakes scams such as this are widespread and one of the top five scams targeting consumers, according to the Federal Trade Commission. The fact that sweepstakes scams successfully target senior citizens makes them another form of financial elder abuse.
Evans Law Firm, Inc. handles elder abuse cases in California. If you think that you have witnessed or are the victim of elder abuse then, contact Evans Law Firm, Inc. at 41
Mechanical Trading System Eliminates Subjectivity, Confusion, Hesitation & Missed Trade From Your Day Trading! Read On To Find More
You must have often come across the term Mechanical Trading System. Mechanical Trading System is basically a ‘packaged expertise’ in forex, futures, stocks and options trading. Usually highly experienced traders develop these kinds of systems. They package their trading experience into a set of ‘top secret algorithms’ that remove all the uncertainty of the trade.
As perceived by some inexperienced traders, mechanical trading systems are not scams. They have their uses and legitimate day traders and trading professionals do use them. However, there is a world of difference between using a mechanical trading system and being a skilled trader yourself, think of it as the difference between having power tools and being a skilled carpenter.
What Is A Mechanical Trading System?
A mechanical trading system uses historical parameters to determine when certain trades should (or should not) be made. They have usually been back tested to check with existing market data, and they have specific entry criteria (buy EUR when price is at $1.20 would be one example) and specific exit parameters (sell EUR when price exceeds $1.22) to automate a lot of trading activity. These objective criterions are based off the accumulated data of hundreds of thousands of trades.
How Does A Mechanical Trading System Work?
Ostensibly, a mechanical trading system removes the emotional weight’ from trading activity, and prevents them from being blinded by greed. In practice, what it does is provide the trader who is overwhelmed with information that he is watching, with a filtered set of information to handle ‘baseline parameter’ trades so that he can focus his attention elsewhere. For beginning traders, they are an effective set of training wheels while they learn to do the research they need to make a more substantial and nuanced trading strategy.
What Are The Advantages of A Mechanical Trading System?
The primary advantage of a mechanical trading system is that it automates a lot of data gathering, and for a narrow range of trades, can effectively automate your day trading practices. Depending on which one you are using, it may be aggregating a lot more information than a beginning trader would consider boosting confidence in its trade recommendations.
Mechanical trading systems are also likelier to find an early entry point on a trade, and depending on how they are programmed, may be a good ‘conservative play’ for getting out of a trade.
The use of good mechanical trading system will eliminate all subjectivity, which can greatly reduce your trading stress.
TSUBOT by Tsunami Trading Educators, Inc. is one such system which analyses price volume & momentum in real time and gives out high margin 100% mechanical trading calls right from computers speakers.
Anyone looking for a good bargain should head to Scottsboro, Alabama for First Monday, the oldest trade day in the country. Other successful trade days in the region have been patterned after Scottsboros event. The giant trade and sale day is held monthly on the weekend before the first Monday. This popular Scottsboro tradition brings many visitors to town to check out a variety of merchandise set up around the Jackson County Courthouse Square.
The next First Monday Trade Day is scheduled for Labor Day Weekend, September 1-3, 2012. This is typically the largest sale weekend of the year, bringing thousands of people into Scottsboro. Sundays are usually the busiest days of the trade weekends, but Monday holidays are also big days. The remaining First Mondays scheduled for 2012 are September 29-October 1, November 3-5, and December 1-3.
The original trade day was held in 1902 and named Horse Swappers Day. It was advertised to be a day for people to come into town to buy or swap horses and mules. The concept was not an immediate success. It took nearly two years to really catch on with local citizens. Gradually, as more people acquired cars and horse trading lost its importance, the trade day was changed to a Market Day. Area farmers could bring produce, eggs, milk, and other farm products into town to sell. Farmers were allowed free advertising in the local newspaper for each scheduled Market Day. Eventually the monthly event evolved into a weekend to sell all types of merchandise.
Todays shoppers can expect to find antiques and collectibles, furniture, artwork, clothing and accessories, crafts, jewelry, baskets, plants, dishes, household items, toys, and food. The event has a fun, festival atmosphere. Everyone is looking to discover a great find or score a bargain. Some vendors have booths set up on all three days, and others are onsite for only one or two days. Mondays are usually the lightest sale days, as many vendors have full time jobs and are unable to stay. Most vendor booths are set up from dawn to dusk. Shoppers should come early for the best selection. There is no admission charge, and plenty of parking is available downtown.
Scottsboro is located in the scenic Tennessee River valley in northeast Alabama. It is approximately 40 miles east of Huntsville and about 20 miles west of I-59. The town is adjacent to beautiful Lake Guntersville, one of the states most popular recreational lakes.
After the current algorithm changes in Google, Yahoo and Bing in 2010, certain major search engine optimization and SEM businesses have encountered problems with getting their clients higher ranking on the local searches. On the other hand this problem opened the new doors for such companies, as they became familiar with the importance of outsourcing. While some of these companies continued to outsource theirSEOprojects on freelance marketplaces, a small company GoldenWayMedia in Trondheim, Norway helped many major SEO companies with their needs.
This small business is operated by a smart young Norwegian programmer, Maria Johnsen. With the fluency in seven languages and a smart technique of mathematical calculation, Maria Johnsen assisted many companies with their needs around the world. Maria Johnsen obtained top position for these companies keywords which generated more sales and as a result content clients. The smart technique in seo increased the number of more clients for SEO Norway at SEO and golden-way-media.com
This young Norwegian programmer was able to lift up many small businesses in countries such as: Russia, the United States of America, UK, France, Germany, Ukraine and Scandinavia. While some businesses search for SEOprogrammers in India, Romania and China.
SEO Norway Trondheim ( Golden Way Media) was able to slowly get certain small businesses around the world the top 3 positions for their keywords on Google, Yahoo and Bing and the other small search engines.
The increase of market demand in obtaining top position for the keywords on the organic search results has brought up more clients for golden-way-media.com and maria-johnsen.com
While many Scandinavian SEO and SEM companies were concentrated on outsourcing to India, Romania and China; some businesses in USA, UK, Ireland, France, Ukraine, Denmark, Sweden, Norway and Germany submitted their search engine optimization projects to Maria Johnsen.
According to our sources this young programmer, apply certain algorithm calculations that obtain the better visibility and top three position for the keywords on the search engines. The inexpensive pricing that Golden-way-media.com offers is another positive fact about SEO Norway
Although obtaining the top position for certain keywords are complex for some companies, certain companies such as SEO Norway on golden-way-media.com found it interesting and enjoyable to fulfil. I love to put smile on my clients face and see their businesses growing. Cost effectiveness is the most important factor for small businesses and my mission is to help them to increase their product visibility and as a result sales says Maria Johnsen
If you wish to market your product, you may wish to submit your project on golden-way-media.com You can also outsource your project on Globfreelance.com
Need Market for Your Product? Visit here
Blood bank a part of Laboratory department that are responsible for collecting, processing, testing, safety and storage of donated blood. The software which maintains to store all the information related to blood bank is termed as Blood bank Software. The blood bank software can be used in any hospitals provided they must have blood bank. Most blood collected for medical use is transfused into patients who need blood because of trauma, for surgery or as therapeutic treatment of diseases, such as sickle cell disease and anemia and as a result of chemotherapy. According to the American Association of Blood Banks (AABB) 23 million units of blood are transfused annually.
RESPONSIBILITY OF BLOOD BANK
Whole blood is usually separated out later by the laboratory into its component parts for use: white blood cells, red blood cells, plasma and platelets. Before taking blood from a donor, Blood bank staff asks questions about the donor’s heath history, information about possible exposure to infections or pregnancy and take the potential donor’s blood pressure, pulse and temperature. Any abnormalities will cause the staff to defer the donor–to disqualify them from donation. The deferred donor is then registered and all the detail information of the donor is saved.
Blood banks are responsible for testing and protecting the safety of the blood supply. Aside from manually screening donors, blood banks test all donated blood for ABO and Rh group (known as “blood types”), as well as for multiple transmissible diseases and contamination. Blood banks work to ensure that the blood supply is free of infection, unexpected antibodies present (from pregnancy or past donor transfusions) and ready for use. Diseases tested for in U.S. based blood banks include hepatitis B, hepatitis C, HIV-1 and HIV-2, human T-lymph tropic virus, and syphilis. Tests that aren’t required, but commonly performed, also screen for West Nile virus and Chagas disease.
Blood banks work to ensure a continuously available safe blood supply by properly storing it–keeping the blood components labeled and refrigerated or frozen. Many blood banks are also centers of research, using a portion of donated blood to further study blood cells, diseases and how to improve blood safety and storage. Several major blood banks are also involved in cord-blood research, a relatively new area of blood research that has the potential to treat previously untreatable diseases and as a replacement for bone-marrow transplants. Cord blood, which contains stem cells, is collected from volunteer birthing mothers who donate their newborns’ placentas and umbilical cords.
Now a days, online blood bank software is also available, which helps the user to know all the features. The donor can download his report from that particular hospital site.
Easily available at required time.
Safety, secure and free from infection.
Exchange of blood.
If you are looking for a job in private bank, then there are a few things you should know. For instance, some people face this dilemma of whether to look for a job in public bank or in a private bank. Though both public & private banks belong to the banking sector, there is some differences in the way they work. The nature, constitution and working procedure of a private bank is quite different from those of a public bank.
Here are some key things to take note of before you go for that private bank job:
i. Campus interviews: These days, private banks are showing an inclination in conducting campus interviews and making recruitment therein. On the contrary, a public bank relies more on newspapers for the same. Private banks have learnt to shed the conventional form of hiring and have found out that recruiting through campus interviews gives them a greater amount of flexibility, convenience and ease. Plus, it is time-saving and cost effective as well. It is hard to grab a job in a private bank. Hence, its never too early to start your career. Make sure to attend your college campuses while you are still in your college.
ii. No quota system: One must admit that the quota system is one of the major drawbacks of a public sector bank. Under the quota system, both the parties are likely to suffer. Banks lose out on recruiting the best talent. And the talented potential candidates find it hard to get a placement. However, in private banks, the system of quota does not exist. They are free to choose candidates on the basis of their merit.
iii. Low vacancy: Unfortunately, private banks do not have too many openings. The vacancies are limited in number and in a country like India, where unemployment rate is quite high, there is too much competition. So, you need to make sure that you are ready for the challenge. Prepare yourself well, sit for interview with confidence, and read journals, magazines & books to increase your general knowledge.